Associate Professor, Kinesiology
Campus: UMD | Building: School of Public Health | Room: 0110F
Phone: (301) 405-2492 |
Website: 
Neuromechanics Laboratory
Biography

Research Summary:
Our research is currently focused on biomechanics and motor control of (1) hand and digits and (2) persons with lower extremity amputations as well as their applications to medicine, rehabilitation, and ergonomics. We are especially interested in understanding the CNS control mechanism for motor redundancy, developments of motor functions in typically developing children as well as children with developmental coordination disorder, developmental changes and intervention & adaptation of motor functions in elderly persons and the persons with neurological/genetic disorders or stroke, and physiological and biomechanical risk and interventions of persons with lower extremity amputations. We use techniques of biomechanics, motor control, neurophysiology, and exercise physiology: kinematic analysis using motion capture systems, kinetic/dynamic analysis, neuromuscular training, TMS, EMG, MEG, MRI, optic fiber Bragg grading (FBG) force sensors, 6-D kinetic pen, cardiovascular exercise, neuromuscular training, epidemiology, etc. 

Click here to go to Dr. Shim's group webpage: Neuromechanics Laboratory

Education and Training

NEUROMECHANICS: Biomechanics and Motor Control

Degrees
 

Ph.D.  
  The Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA
Major in Kinesiology (Biomechanics and Motor Control)
Minor in Industrial Engineering (Ergonomics / Human Factor Engineering)
2005
M.S.  
  Ball State University, IN, USA
Major in Exercise Science (Clinical Biomechanics)
Minor in Computer Science (Signal and Image Processing)
2002
B.S.  
  Summa Cum Laude
Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea
Major in Kinesiology (Physical Education/Exercise Science)
Secondary School Teacher License (Korean Ministry of Education)
1999

 

Honors and Awards

2010 Kyung Hee International Scholar Award
Kyung Hee University, Korea
2009 Promising Young Scientist Award
International Society of Biomechanics (ISB)
2009 Young Scientist Award
American Society of Biomechanics (ASB)
2007 Promising Young Scientist Award Finalist
International Society of Biomechanics (ISB)
2007 Young Investigator Award Finalist
International Society of Biomechanics (ISB)
2007 Promising Young Scientist Award Finalist
International Society of Biomechanics (ISB)
2007 Young Investigator Award Finalist
International Society of Biomechanics (ISB)
2005 General Research Board Summer Award
University of Maryland
2005

Dissertation Award
The Graduate School
The Pennsylvania State University

2004

Kligman Graduate Research Fellowship
College of Health and Human Development
The Pennsylvania State University

2003

Young Investigator Award Finalist
International Society of Biomechanics (ISB)

2002, 2001

Recognized Graduate Student
Ball State University

1999

Graduate of the Year 
Kyung Hee University

1999

Presidential Award for Excellent Academic Achievement
Highest Graduation GPA in 1999
Kyung Hee University

1993

Promising Youth for Future
Korean Ministry of Education

1992

Freshman of the Year
Top Entrance Exam Score
College of Physical Education and Exercise Science,
Kyung Hee University

Honors and Awards

Grants

2013

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Systematic investigation into hand functions for the development of evidence-based hand rehabilitation for stroke patients; National Research Foundation; Period: 06/01/13-05/31/16. $100,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), The effects of post-exercise recovery drinks on muscular strength and endurance; Maryland Industrial Partnerships; Period: 08/01/13-07/31/14; $100,000.

2012

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Adaptation of  a new running shoes II; Maryland Industrial Partnerships; Period: 02/01/12-01/31/13. $206,400.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), A new biomechanical model to examine joint control adaptations during running in individuals with lower extremity amputation; National Institute of Health (NIH); Period: 07/01/12-06/31/13; $152,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Translation of kinesiology in personalized medicine II; Maryland Industrial Partnerships; Period:08/01/12-07/31/13. $110,000.

2011

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Translation of kinesiology in personalized medicine I; Maryland Industrial Partnerships; Period:08/01/11-07/31/12.  $250,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Adaptation of Running to a New Shoe Design; Maryland Industrial Partnerships & Under Armour; Period: 02/01/11-01/31/12; $689,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Equipment Purchase Grant; University of Maryland, School of Public Health, and Department of Kinesiology; $90,000.

2010

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Development of Hand and Finger Training Exoskeleton; Maryland Industrial Partnerships & Recovery Science LLC; Period: 02/01/10-01/31/11; $302,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Neuromechanics Research; Private Donor; Period: 01/01/10-12/31/10; $35,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Neuromechanics of Running; Under Armour Inc; Period: 09/01/10-08/31/11; $50,000.

2009

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Determining the marker configuration and modeling techniques to optimize the biomechanical analysis of running-specific prosthesis; Department of Defense (DOD); Period: 07/01/09-06/31/10; $201,293.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Effects of neuromuscular training of intrinsic hand muscles on hand dexterity in the elderly and development of a wearable training glove; Maryland Industrial Partnerships & Recovery Science LLC; Period: 02/01/09-01/31/10; $2,082,800.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Thorough Baseline Assessment, Recovery Science LLC; Period: 10/09/09-09/31/10; $15,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Handwriting mechanics, International Society of Biomechanics (ISB Promising Young Scientist Award); Period: 07/01/09-06/31/11; $5,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Handwriting synergies, American Society of Biomechanics (ASB Young Scientist Award); Period: 07/01/09-06/31/11; $250.

2008

  • Jae Kun Shim (Co-PI), Physical assessment relations to job performance in firefighters, Department of Homeland Security (DHS); Period: 08/01/2008-07/31/2009; $275,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Neuromuscular resistance training effects on motor performance; Maryland Industrial Partnerships & Recovery Science LLT; Period: 2/1/08-1/31/09; $350,870.   

2007

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Fortifying Wrists: the crucial weakest links (Phase I); Maryland Industrial Partnerships & Recovery Science LLT; Period: 2/1/07-1/31/08; $300,000.  

  • Jae Kun Shim (Co-PI), Pressure response medicated by the mechanoreceptor activation in hypertensive people, Korea Research Foundation (R01); Period: 07/01/07-06/30/08; $100,000

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Development of golf-specific strength training protocols; Recovery Science LLT; 2007; $4,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Strength training effects on dynamic strength of wrist; Recovery Science LLT; Period: 02/01/2007-01/31/2008; $5,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Neuromuscular modeling of wrist; Recovery Science LLT; $2,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), 2007 North East American Society of Biomechanics (NEASB) Conference: Bridging the gap between biomechanics and motor control; conference organization grant; American Society of Biomechanics (ASB); Period: 3/30/07-3/31/07; $2,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), 2007 NEASB Conference industrial sponsorship; $8,000: National Instruments Inc., $2,000; Innovative Sports Training Inc., $2,000; Biometrics Ltd., $500; Bertec Corp., $500; others, $3,000.

2006

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Multi-digit grasping control in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD); Graduate Research Board (GRB) Research Award, University of Maryland; Period: 7/1/06-8/30/06; $8,750.

2005

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI) Rotational equilibrium control in multi-digit human prehension; Alumni Association Dissertation Award; The Pennsylvania State University; $5,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI) Finger coordination during moment production on a mechanically fixed object; American Society of Biomechanics; $150.

2004

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI) Finger coordination during moment production on a mechanically fixed object; Department of Kinesiology; The Pennsylvania State University; $350.

2003

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI) Superposition and hierarchical organization of static prehension in human; International Society of Biomechanics (ISB); $1,000.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI) The static human prehension: Synergy and principle of superposition; Department of Kinesiology; The Pennsylvania State University; $500.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI) Synergy and principle of superposition; Biomechanics Laboratory; The Pennsylvania State University; $500.

     [PENDING]

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Biomechanics of Amputee Running; National Institute of Disability and Rehabilitation Research; $600,000; Pending.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), Biomechanics of Amputee Running; National Institute of Health; $400,000; Pending.

  • Jae Kun Shim (PI), the current running-specific prosthesis may be harmful: Department of Defense; $200,000; Pending.

Publications: 

 [2012]

  • Shim JK, Karol S, Kim YS, Seo NJ, Kim YH, Kim YS, Yoon BC. Tactile feedback plays a critical role in maximum finger force production. Journal of Biomechanics. 45: 415-420, 2012.

  • Kim MJ, Karol S, Park JB, Auyang A, Kim YH, Kim S, Shim JK. Inter-joint synergies increase with motor task uncertainty in a whole-body pointing task. Neuroscience Letters. 512(2): 214-217, 2012.

  • Hook A, Karol S, Park JB, Kim YH, Shim JK. Handwriting: 3-d kinetic synergies in circle drawing movements.Motor Control. [e-published ahead of print].

  • Park J, Baum BS, Kim YS, Kim YH, Shim JK. Prehension synergy: use of mechanical advantage during multi-finger torque production on mechanically fixed- and free objects. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. [in print].

  • Seo NJ, Shim JK, Engel A, Enders L. Grip surface affects maximum pinch force. Human Factors. [in print].

      [2011]

  • Shim JK, Park JB, Kim MJ, Kim S. Motor synergy research through Uncontrolled Manifold analysis. Korean Jouranl of Sport Psychology. 22(4): 127-142, 2011.

  • Karol S,Kim YS, Huang J, Kim YH, Koh J, Yoon BC, Shim JK. Multi-finger pressing synergies chane with the level of extra degrees of freedoms. Experimental Brain Research. 208(3): 359-367, 2011.

[2010]

  • Shim JK, Hooke AW, Kim YS, Karol S, Park J, Kim YH. Handwriting: Hand-pen contact force synergies in circle drawing tasks. Journal of Biomechanics 43:2249-2253.

  • Kim YS, J Park, Shim JK (2010) Effect of aquatic locomotion exercise and progressive resistance exercise on patients who have undergone lumbar discectomy. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 91:208-214.

  • Park JB, Kim YS, Shim JK (2009) Prehension synergy: effects of static constraints on multi-finger prehension. Human Movement Science.29: 19-34. 

  • Kim YS, Park J, Shim JK. Effect of follow-up training frequency on lumbar extension strength in hernia-operated patients after initial recovery and training. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 42:839-845, 2010

  • Sheaff AK, Bennett A, Hanson ED, Kim Y, Hsu J, Shim JK, Edwards ST, Hurley BF. Physiological determents of the candidates physical ability tests in firefighters. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24: 3112-3122.

  • Karol S, Kim YS, Huang J, Kim YH, Koh J, Yoon BC, and Shim JK. Multi-finger pressing synergies change with the level of extra degrees of freedom. Experimental Brain Research.

[2009]

  • Kim CK, Lee DY, Kim YS, Huang JF, Park JB, Shim JK (2009) Finger force enslaving and surplus in spinal cord injury patients. Experimental Brain Research. 195: 627-33.

  • Park JB, Kim YS, Shim JK (2009) Prehension synergy: effects of static constraints on multi-finger prehension. Human Movement Science.

  • Shim JK, Karol S, Yoon BC, Kim CK (2009) Synergies: Coordinative interactions of motor effectors. ICHPER SD Asia Journal of Research. 1: 9-16.

  • Goodman S, Haufler AJ, Shim JK, Hatfield BD (2009) Regular and random components in aiming point trajectory during rifle aiming and shooting. Journal of Motor Behavior. 41: 367-82. 

  • Kim YS, Shim JK (2009) Effect of backward walking rehabilitation exercise (ABRE) program on lumbar extension strength inhernia-operated patients. Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies. 35:801-813.

[2008]

[2007]

[2006]

  • Shim JK, Huang J, Latash ML, Zatsiorsky VM (2006) Multi-digit maximum voluntary torque productions on a circular object. Ergonomics, 50(5) pp. 660-675.

  • Oliveira MA, Loss J, Petersen R, Clark JE, Shim JK (2006) Effect of kinetic redundancy on hand digit control in children with DCD. Neuroscience Letters 410(1):42-46.

  • Shim JK, Park J, Zatsiorsky VM, Latash ML (2006) Adjustments of prehension synergies in response to self-triggered and experimenter-triggered loading and torque perturbations. Experimental Brain Research, 175:641-653.

  • Kim SW, Shim JK, Zatsiorsky VM, Latash ML (2006) Anticipatory adjustments of multi-finger synergies in preparation to self-triggered perturbations. Experimental Brain Research, 174: 604-612.

  • Newton RU, Gerber A, Nimphius S, Shim JK, Doan BK, Robertson M, Pearson D, Craig B, Hakkinen K, and Kraemer W (2006) Determination of functional strength imbalance of the lower extremities. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 20(4), 971-977.

  • Mark L. Latash, Jae Kun Shim, Minoru Shinohara, Vladimir M. Zatsiorsky (2006). Changes in finger coordination and hand function with advanced age. In: Latash ML (Ed.) Motor control and learning. pp. 141-159, Springer. New York, NY.

[2005]

  • Shim JK, Latash ML, Zatsiorsky VM (2005) Prehension synergies: Trial-to-trial variability and principle of superposition during static prehension in three dimensions.  Journal of Neurophysiology 93 pp.3649-3658

  • Shim JK, Kim SW, Oh SJ, Kang N, Zatsiorsky VM, Latash ML (2005) Plastic changes in interhemispheric inhibition with practice of a two-hand force production task: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Neuroscience Letters 372(2) pp.104-108.

  • Shim JK, Latash ML, Zatsiorsky VM (2005) Prehension synergies in three dimensions. Journal of Neurophysiology. 93 pp.766-776

  • Shim JK, Olafsdottir H, Zatsiorsky VM, Latash ML (2005). The emergence and disappearance of multi-digit synergies during force production tasks. Experimental Brain Research. 164(2) pp.260-270.

  • Latash ML, Shim JK, Smilga AV, Zatsiorsky VM (2005) A central back-coupling hypothesis on the organization of motor synergies: a physical metaphor and a neural model, Biological Cybernetics 3 pp.1-6.

  • Goodman SR, Shim JK, Zatsiorsky VM, Latash ML (2005). Motor variability within a multi-effector system: Experimental and analytical studies of multi-finger production of quick force pulses. Experimental Brain Research. 163(1) 75-85

  • Mark L. Latash, Halla Olafsdottir, Jae Kun Shim, Vladimir M. Zatsiorsky (2005). Synergies that stabilize and destabilize action. In: Gantchev N. (Ed.) From Basic motor control to functional recovery – IV, pp. 19-25, Marin Drinov Academic Publishing House: Sofia, Bulgaria.

[2004]

  • Shim JK, Lay B, Zatsiorsky VM, Latash ML (2004) Age-related changes in finger coordination in static prehension tasks. Journal of Applied Physiology, 97(1) pp. 213-24.

  • Latash ML, Shim JK, Gao F, Zatsiorsky VM (2004) Rotational equilibrium during multi-digit pressing and prehension. Motor Control  8, pp. 392-404

  • Jae Kun Shim, Mark L. Latash, Vladimir M. Zatsiorsky (2004) Finger Coordination during moment production on a mechanically fixed object, Experimental Brain Research 157(4):457-67

  • Latash ML, Shim JK, Zatsiorsky VM. Is there a timing synergy during multi-finger production of quick force pulses?, Experimental Brain Research, 2004 159 pp.65-71

  • Zatsiorsky VM, Latash, ML Gao F, Shim JK (2004). The principle of superposition in human prehension, Robotica. 22, pp.231-234

  • Doyle TA, Davis RW, Humphries B, Dugan EL, Shim JK, Horn BG, Newton RU (2004) The Medical Classification System Used By The National Wheelchair Basketball Association Additional Evidence Supporting A Change. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly. 21 pp.63-70

[2003]

  • Shim JK, Latash ML, Zatsiorsky VM (2003). The human central nervous system needs time to organize task-specific covariation of finger forces. Neuroscience Letters. 353 pp.72-74.

  • Shim JK, Latash ML, Zatsiorsky VM (2003). Prehension synergies: Trial-to-trial variability and hierarchical organization of stable performance. Experimental Brain Research 152(2) pp.173-184.

  • Doan BK, Kwon YH, Newton RU, Shim JK, Popper EM, Rogers RA, Bolt LR, Robertson M,  Kraemer WJ(2003). Evaluation of a Lower-Body Compression Garment. Journal of Sports Sciences 8, pp.601-610,