Reducing Health Disparities in Maryland along the National Capital Border
Mission: To reduce health disparities in Maryland along the national capital border. The national capital border area in Prince George's County, Maryland between the "National Capital Beltway", the District of Columbia, and Montgomery County, Maryland is specifically targeted for community health improvement.
To link government and non-government organizations, academic institutions, and communities to build infrastructures and systems as a way to increase community assets to improve public health.
To use a socio-ecological model approach to address policy/intervention, social, and physical factors that affect the physical, emotional, and social health of individuals, families and communities.
To advance Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) sharing knowledge and expertise in applied research aimed at improving public health programs.
Research Approach to the Mission: The UMD-PRC facilitates research to develop models of disease prevention and health promotion through Community-Based-Participatory-Research (CBPR). CBPR is research conducted by faculty in partnership with community stakeholders during all phases of the research from research conception to findings dissemination.
Rationale for the Mission: Much of this Prince George's County national capital border area is medically underserved. This Prince George's County national capital border area suffers from remarkably high rates of primary Syphilis, HIV, stroke, diabetes, low birth weight, and other health problems relative to neighboring jurisdictions. Contrasts between this area and surrounding areas are pronounced in regard to demographics, health services, and health status.
The UMD School of Public Health (SPH) happens to be located in Prince George's County at the nexus of the contrasting jurisdictions. The UMD-PRC infrastructure will build on the collaborative of the City of Seat Pleasant-University of Maryland Health Partnership in Prince George's County, the Prince George's County Health Department, and the SPH to further engage with organizations within and across the many area borders. It will use CBPR to link needs with resources and address issues that exacerbate disenfranchisement.