David H. Chae
Dr. David H. Chae is a social epidemiologist who studies health disparities and the implications of stressors experienced by minorities. A particular focus of his research is on discrimination, a qualitatively unique form of psychosocial stress that has been associated with poor mental health, harmful health behaviors, and indicators of chronic disease risk. Dr. Chae examines pathways linking discrimination and health, including family and relationship dynamics, dimensions of group identity, and implicit in-group bias. He examines these processes in relation to indicators of physiologic dysregulation, including inflammation, endocrine stress markers, and cellular aging. Dr. Chae also studies how social factors at the area-level generate population patterns in health.
Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholar, University of California, Berkeley/San Franciso (2009)
Doctor of Science, Harvard University (2007)
Master of Arts, Columbia University (2000)
Bachelor of Arts, University of Chicago (1999)
EPIB 698J: Epidemiologic Methods for Primary Research
R01 NIH-NIAMS: Psychosocial Factors and Lupus Progression Among African American Women. The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of racial minority stress on disease progression and severity among African American women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aims to: (1) examine the role that psychosocial stressors experienced by African American women have in exacerbating SLE; (2) identify social factors and psychological resources that are protective or buffer the effects of stress on SLE-related health declines; and (3) explore the biological implications of psychosocial stressors on SLE, in relation to elevated systemic inflammation and accelerated aging at the cellular level. Role: Principal Investigator
University of Maryland, College Park, Tier 1 Seed Grant: Discrimination and Health Among African American Gay Men Living With HIV. Through a mixed-methods design, this study explores the impact of salient sources of psychosocial stress on health outcomes among African American HIV-positive gay men, including via their effects of inflammation and cellular aging as indexed by telomere length. This study investigates qualitatively unique psychosocial stressors shape health trajectories among African American HIV-positive gay men via psychobiological mechanisms. Role: Principal Investigator
K01 NIH-NIA: Psychobiology of Racial Minority Stress and Cellular Aging. This research is aimed at examining the psychobiological mechanisms through which racial discrimination impacts leukocyte telomere length (LTL), an indicator of aging at the cellular level. In addition, this research examines psychosocial factors associated with racial minority status, including affective and cognitive responses to racial discrimination, coping, racial identity, in-group racial bias, and racial socialization, which may also impact LTL and aging-related disease outcomes. Role: Principal Investigator
- Chae, D. H., Nuru-Jeter, A. M., Adler, N. E., Brody, G. H., Lin, J., Blackburn, E. H., & Epel, E. S. (2014). Discrimination, racial bias, and telomere length among African American men. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 46, 103-111.
- Chae, D. H., Nuru-Jeter, A. M., & Adler, N. E. (2012). The association between racial discrimination and hypertension is moderated by implicit racial bias: A study of mid-life African American men. Psychosomatic Medicine, 74, 961-964.
- Chae, D. H., Lee, S., Lincoln, K. D., & Ihara, E. S (2012). Discrimination, family relationships, and major depression among Asian Americans. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 14, 361-370.
- Chae, D. H., Nuru-Jeter, A. M., Lincoln, K. D., & Jacob-Arriola, K. R (2012). Racial discrimination, mood disorders, and cardiovascular disease risk among Black Americans. Annals of Epidemiology, 22, 104-111.
- Chae, D. H., Lincoln, K. D., & Jackson, J. S. (2011). Discrimination, attribution, and racial group identification: Implications for psychological distress among Black Americans in the National Survey of American Life (2001-2003). American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 81, 489-497.
- Chae, D. H., Nuru-Jeter, A. M., Francis, D., & Lincoln, K. D. (2011). Conceptualizing racial disparities in health: Advancement of a socio-psychobiological approach. Du Bois Review, 8, 63-77.
- Chae, D. H., Lincoln, K. D., Syme, S. L., & Adler, N. E. (2010). Do experiences of racial discrimination predict cardiovascular disease among African American men? The moderating role of internalized negative racial group attitudes. Social Science and Medicine, 71, 1182-1188.