Maryland's population is showing a greater increase in its linguistic and cultural diversity than the total United States' population. According to the 2010 U.S Census, 45.3% of Maryland's population were racial and ethnic minorities, compared to 36.5% of the total United States' population.

Racial and ethnic minorities accounted for the majority of Maryland's population increase of nearly 340,000 people from 2000-2010. The fastest growth rate from 2000 to 2010 were noted among American Indian/Alaskan Native (84.0%) Asians (51.24%), and Hispanics (47.6%) (MD Department of Planning, Planning Data Services from the Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau, April 1, 2010). Approximately 1,030,000 Maryland residents speak English less than well or not at all (ACS, 2010). At the University of Maryland, the number of patients requesting interpreter services doubled over the past two years (2,255 to 4,000). The most frequently requested languages are Spanish, Korean, Russian and Amharic (an Ethiopian dialect).

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