University-State Partnership Targets Maryland Veterans' Mental Health Needs
COLLEGE PARK, Md. - The University of Maryland and the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene have launched a new partnership to meet the behavioral and mental health needs of Maryland veterans and their families. The Maryland Veterans Resilience Initiative will identify gaps in veterans' services and train mental health professionals, primary care doctors and clergy to better understand and address the unique needs of veterans. The initiative will also develop peer support networks for veterans reintegrating to civilian life.
More than 28,000 Maryland veterans have returned from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Thousands more are joining their ranks with the drawdown of troops. One in five veterans of these conflicts suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or traumatic brain injury (TBI), according to nationwide studies. Many more struggle with challenges of reintegrating into their communities, including re-establishing family relationships and obtaining health care, housing and employment.
"Maryland's veterans and their families have sacrificed so much for our country," said Lt. Governor Anthony G. Brown, a colonel in the U.S. Army Reserve and the nation's highest ranking elected official to have served a tour of duty in Iraq. "The demands of multiple deployments have placed significant stress on veterans and their families and contributed to the signature wounds of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, including posttraumatic stress and traumatic brain injury. Too often, health professionals are not adequately trained to treat these and other health issues that veterans face."
The project will be led by a School of Public Health team, including professors Sally Koblinsky, Leigh Leslie and Sandra Quinn. It will:
- Establish a Veterans Resilience Initiative Advisory Council with representatives from state government agencies, military and veteran organizations, nonprofits, behavioral health networks, the faith community, veterans and family members to identify gaps in services, coordinate training across the state, and communicate critical mental health information to veteran families;
- Conduct an online survey with Maryland primary care and behavioral health professionals to assess training needs and capacity for delivering services that are sensitive to military culture and veterans' needs;
- Train health professionals and clergy to effectively serve veterans and their families in both urban and rural communities using a combination of in-person and video conferencing formats; and
- Develop peer support networks for veterans returning to the community, beginning in community college and university settings.
Veterans are often reluctant to seek assistance because of the stigma of asking for help and concerns about damaging their careers. Among those who do seek mental health treatment, one of the most common reasons for discontinuing is civilian professionals' failure to understand military culture and the impact of combat experiences.
"This important partnership will increase the number of health care providers and professionals who are equipped to identify and address veterans' needs, as well as link them to appropriate services," said Dr. Laura Herrera, chief medical officer for the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Our goal is to address behavioral health problems early on and to prevent future problems through a coordinated network of training and peer support."
The School of Public Health team will work with the new Advisory Council to implement the state needs assessment. Findings will be used to design trainings that increase professionals' knowledge of military culture and the impacts of deployment on veterans and family members, including children. Trainings will not only provide strategies for addressing mental health, substance use/abuse, and suicide prevention, but will also focus on employment-related stressors, women veterans' issues (including military sexual trauma), and reintegration into family life.
University of Maryland student veteran leaders, trained in peer facilitation, will work with targeted Maryland community colleges and four-year institutions to create new student veteran groups, establish "buddy" mentoring programs, and address behavioral health issues. This effort supports and extends Maryland's College Collaboration for Student Veterans, which seeks to improve veteran services on 21 college campuses. Peer support has been shown to help veterans navigate campus life, build new social relationships and reduce the stigma of seeking professional help. Such support is also likely to promote college retention and graduation among this group.
"Fostering resilience among our veterans is an important public health goal," said Dr. Koblinsky, lead project investigator and a founding member of the university's Veterans Services Steering Committee. "We look forward to working with the state to ensure that veterans and their families get the support they need and deserve. We hope this project will become a model for other states and universities and have a national impact."
About the University of Maryland School of Public Health
The University of Maryland School of Public Health (SPH) works to promote and protect the health and well-being of the citizens of Maryland, the nation and the world through interdisciplinary education, research, public policy and practice. Many of the school's research, education and service activities are focused on eliminating health disparities through innovative initiatives that promote health equity and improve health literacy.
The school has several programs in partnership with the uniformed services, Department of Defense, the state of Maryland, University of Maryland Extension, Montgomery County and nonprofit organizations to support veterans-related initiatives, including:
- The Military Families Internship for undergraduate students to serve in organizations that support the health and well-being of military service members, veterans and their families.
- Kinesiology research on brain function and human performance in military tasks, focused on reducing stress and improving decision-making.
- Training programs in partnership with the United States Public Health Service, such as its upcoming annual scientific and training symposium, "Prevention Strategies for a Healthy Nation: Building on the Basics of Public Health, being held at the University of Maryland, June 19-21, 2012.
- Evaluation of "Serving Together," an initiative of the Mental Health Association of Montgomery County and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to coordinate military and civilian services in the county. Watch the Montgomery Channel Video.
- The Center for Healthy Families in the school's Department of Family Science offers free couple and family therapy sessions to veterans.