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PRC COVID-19 Vaccine Communication Project

Project Background

The University of Maryland (UMD) Prevention Research Center (PRC) is committed to research, service and training on mental health among LGBTQ+ communities.

The UMD PRC and the Horowitz Center for Health Literacy are now working together to increase COVID-19 vaccine confidence and vaccination rates. The PRC received CDC supplemental funding for a multi-project, multi-population plan to contribute to COVID-19 vaccine confidence in Maryland (through local coalitions) and nationally (through LGBTQ community centers). 

We will help Maryland county health departments, Maryland Local Health Improvement Coalitions (LHICs), and LGBTQ-serving organizations in different parts of the U.S. implement behavioral nudges and remove barriers to getting the COVID-19 vaccine.

The UMD team will also participate in the PRC national network to share information and resources on COVID-19 vaccination. 

Project Goals

  • Increase COVID-19 vaccine confidence and remove access barriers to getting vaccinated for all Marylanders
  • Provide CenterLink member centers and LHICs with nudges, technical assistance, and relevant COVID vaccine information
  • Increase vaccine confidence nationwide by facilitating information sharing and collaboration between CenterLink centers and between LHICs

More Information

The Maryland project arm will work with voluntary community organizations known as Local Health Improvement Coalitions (LHICs) that ask for help with COVID outreach and communication. We will work with each LHIC group to identify specific communities with low vaccination rates and develop and implement nudges to  address vaccine access and confidence issues.

The LGBTQ-focused aims will be conducted in partnership with CenterLink, a national member-based coalition that provides training and technical assistance to over 270 LGBTQ community centers in 48 states. The UMD team will provide tools and technical assistance on strategies to increase vaccine confidence and access among LGBTQ people in communities around the US.

CDC is providing a PRC supplement grant from May 11, 2021 to May 10, 2022.

Our hot topics newsletter is an email newsletter where we address trending vaccine topics, provide background and offer clear communication strategies. We send a weekly newsletter and as needed when there is breaking news. 

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Project Team

The team is co-led by Dr. Cynthia Baur, Director of the Horowitz Center for Health Literacy and PRC Co-Investigator, and Dr. Jessica Fish, Assistant Professor of Family Science and PRC Deputy Director for Research and Evaluations. Dr. Sandra Saperstein, from the Department of Behavioral and Community Health, will lead project evaluation.

Faculty Members

Portrait of Cynthia Baur

Cynthia Baur

Endowed Chair and Director, Horowitz Center for Health Literacy
Portrait of Sandra Saperstein

Sandra Saperstein

Lecturer, Behavioral and Community Health
Portrait of Jessica Fish

Jessica Fish

Assistant Professor, Family Science
Deputy Director for Research & Evaluation, UMD Prevention Research Center
Faculty Affiliate, Maryland Population Research Center

Other Team Members

Rya Griffis (she/her)

Rya is serving as the project coordinator for this project, and is excited to increase vaccine access and confidence in Maryland! Rya recently graduated from UMD SPH with a Masters of Public Health in Health Equity.

Candela Vazquez (she/her)

Cande is a recent graduate from UMD SPH. She earned a Bachelor of Science in Public Health Science, and is excited to serve as project assistant for this project.

Leah Barnes (she/her/hers)

Leah is a recent graduate from UMD SPH. She earned a Bachelor of Science in Community Health with a minor in Technology Entrepreneurship, and will serve as a project assistant. She is looking forward to learning more about health communication strategies.

Colleen Berk (she/her)

Colleen is a senior at UMD SPH studying Public Health Science. She is excited to learn more about facilitating vaccine uptake through effective health communication while supporting the team as a student employee on the project.

Bani Saluja (she/her)

Bani is a PhD candidate in the Behavioral and Community Health department at UMD SPH concentrating in health communication. She is eager to explore how institutions, such as local health departments, can strengthen their perceived trustworthiness, which is likely to have a positive impact on COVID-19 vaccine uptake rates. 

Katherine Raymond (she/her/hers)

Katherine is a PhD student in the Behavioral and Community Health department at UMD SPH and a research assistant at the Center for Health Literacy. Katherine is interested in exploring the health literacy skills and health beliefs of Maryland caregivers of adults living with cognitive impairment or other intellectual disabilities as it relates to COVID-19 vaccine uptake and general care coordination.

Shira Laserson (she/her)

Shira is senior Behavioral and Community Health Major, specializing in Health Communications. She is excited to assist the team as Student Employee Evaluation Assistant. She will be supporting the COVID-19 vaccine communications team by conducting social media monitoring and listening for local counties’ Facebook and Twitter accounts.


Rapid Assessment 

During the rapid assessment phase of the project, we are conducting focus group interviews with CenterLink member center staff and executive directors. We are also conducting assessments with our LHICs and their partners to get the status of COVID vaccine efforts in the counties. 

With this data we will craft unique and hyperlocal nudges for the CenterLink member centers and counties. 


The implementation phase will begin in early July. In this phase, our team will implement the nudges the counties and CenterLink member centers identified as their preferred interventions to increase vaccine confidence and access.

Behavioral nudges are small interventions that attempt to guide a person into making the desired decision, in this case getting the COVID vaccine. Our nudges will take the form of positive reinforcement or suggestions that attempt to increase vaccine confidence or remove barriers to accessing the vaccine. We are designing these nudges as interventions that address barriers to the COVID vaccine. 


Throughout this project we will be conducting evaluations. We will do environmental scans, and solicit feedback from our partners to evaluate our interventions. 

We will plan for a mid-course correction in the winter based on our process evaluation. We understand that the COVID vaccine environment is constantly changing and that we need to remain flexible with changing attitudes and information. 

Related Resources: COVID-19 Vaccine Confidence, Examples of Nudges

Changing the COVID Conversation

Polling and focus groups on effective COVID messaging 

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Building Vaccine Confidence

Information and resources aimed at increasing vaccine confidence provided by the CDC

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We Can Do This

HHS initiative for increasing vaccine confidence

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New Research on Nudges

A Mega-Study of Text-Based Nudges Encouraging Patients to Get Vaccinated at an Upcoming Doctor’s Appointment

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KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor

Polling by the Kaiser Family Foundation on the COVID vaccines

Read More

Vaccine Confidence Project

Examining the trends in public opinion around COVID-19 and efforts to treat or contain it

Read More